Papers in the Peabody Museum Archives consist of primary source materials that document the Museum’s archaeological and ethnographic research and fieldwork since its founding in 1866. More than 2,800 feet of archival collections contain documents, papers, manuscripts, correspondence, data, field notes, maps, plans, and other historical records that represent diverse peoples from around the world, and were created or collected by the Museum, its individual affiliates, or related entities. The collections also document the history or provenience, as well as the creation of many of the Museum’s archaeological and ethnographic collections.
Another useful resource documenting the history of the Museum and its collections is the Peabody Museum Annual Reports which contain detailed information about museum donors, collections, expeditions and operations. Many of the Annual Reports are part of Harvard University's President Reports, which can be found on online through Harvard University Library.